Mastic (Greek: ÎÎ±ÏÏÎ¯ÏÎ±) is a resin obtained from the mastic tree (Pistacia lentiscus). In pharmacies and nature shops, it is called "Arabic gum" (not to be confused with gum arabic) and "Yemen gum". In Greece, it is known as the "tears of Chios," being traditionally produced on that Greek island, and, like other natural resins, is produced in "tears" or droplets. Originally a sap, mastic is sun-dried into pieces of brittle, translucent resin. When chewed, the resin softens and becomes a bright white and opaque gum. The flavor is bitter at first, but after some chewing, it releases a refreshing, slightly pine or cedar-like flavor. The word mastic is derived from the Greek verb, Î¼Î±ÏÏÎ¹ÏÎµÎ¹Î½ "to gnash the teeth", which is the source of the English word masticate. The word mastic is a synonym for gum in many languages.